Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)

Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) face special trade and development challenges, arising from their lack of territorial access to the sea and geographical remoteness from international markets.

Exports and imports of LLDCs are required to transit through at least one neighboring State, and often have to change the mode of transport frequently.

This substantially increases the cost of trade for LLDCs and is a key factor in preventing their effective integration into the global trading system.

The geographical challenges of LLDCs are often compounded by weak transit-transport infrastructure, inefficient customs operations, and over-dependence on the experts of primary commodities.

Land-locked Developing Countries  

In recognition of the special development needs of LLDCs, the international community adopted the Vienna Programme of Action (VPoA) for these countries for the decade 2014-2024. The overarching goal of the VPoA is to help the LLDCs achieve sustainable and inclusive growth and to eradicate poverty.

The work of UNCTAD on LLDCs aims to contribute to the effective implementation of the priorities agreed in the Vienna Programme of Action, and to assist LLDCs in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

At present, 32 countries belong to the Group of landlocked developing countries (LLDCs): 16 are located in Africa, 12 in Asia, 2 in Latin America and 2 in Central and Eastern Europe (see map).

 

 News

 
04 June 2017Equatorial Guinea is the first country to leave the LDC category since the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals
22 October 2014Productive capacity, diversification needed to boost growth in Landlocked Developing Countries
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17 October 2014Zambian Minister applauds UNCTAD's work in support of Landlocked Developing Countries
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10 February 2013Rwanda Government and UNCTAD launch online investment guide
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12 September 2012LLDCs need to move from being land-locked to become land-linked, says UNCTAD Deputy S-G

 

 Events and Meetings

 
 

 Documents and Publications

 
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Featured Publication
Vienna PoA 
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