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Bilateral FDI Statistics
 

Bilateral FDI Statistics

Readers are encouraged to use the data in this publication for non-commercial purposes, provided acknowledgement is explicitly given to UNCTAD, together with the reference to this publication.

 

 

 Introduction

 

Sound FDI data is an essential tool for research and policy analysis, and a basis for policy formulation, implementation and assessment. In fact, the scarcity, unreliability and inconsistency of FDI data pose a serious challenge for policy-makers, academics and practitioners. The current publication is a major effort by UNCTAD to fill an important gap in FDI statistics.

UNCTAD's Bilateral FDI Statistics provides up-to-date and systematic FDI data for 206 economies around the world, covering inflows (table 1), outflows (table 2), inward stock (table 3) and outward stock (table 4) by region and economy. Data are in principle collected from national sources. In order to cover the entire world, where data are not available from national sources, data from partner countries (mirror data) as well as from other international organizations have also been used.

This publication will be updated every year, and will be complemented with sectoral/industrial FDI statistics that will be published separately. It is hoped that this FDI data series will become a standard reference for policymakers as well as for academia, the private sector and intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations.

To review and present internationally comparable national data on FDI, it is essential to harmonize country statistics in accordance with internationally accepted definitions at all levels: national, regional and global. To complement efforts in publishing global FDI statistics, UNCTAD also provides technical assistance to support national efforts in providing reliable and comparable FDI data.

This publication has been prepared by a team led by Astrit Sulstarova under the supervision of Masataka Fujita. The other members of the team were Bradley Boicourt and Lizanne Martinez. Statistical assistance was provided by Yana Trofimova. Many officials in central banks, statistical offices, investment promotion agencies and other government offices in many countries around the world contributed to the publication through the provision of data.

Readers are encouraged to use the data in this publication for non-commercial purposes, provided acknowledgement is explicitly given to UNCTAD, together with the reference to this publication.

James Zhan
James Zhan
Director
Division on Investment and Enterprise
(April 2014)
 

 Notes

 

The Division on Investment and Enterprise of UNCTAD is a global centre of excellence, dealing with issues related to investment and enterprise development in the United Nations System. It builds on four decades of experience and international expertise in research and policy analysis, intergovernmental consensus building, and provides technical assistance to developing countries.

The terms country/economy as used in these documents also refer, as appropriate, to territories or areas; the designations employed and the presentation of the material do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. In addition, the designations of country groups are intended solely for statistical or analytical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgment about the stage of development reached by a particular country or area in the development process. The major country groupings used in this publication follow the classification of the United Nations Statistical Office.  These are:

Developed countries: the member countries of the OECD (other than Chile, Mexico, the Republic of Korea and Turkey), plus the new European Union member countries which are not OECD members (Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, and Romania), plus Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco and San Marino.

Transition economies: South-East Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States and Georgia.

Developing economies: in general all economies not specified above. For statistical purposes, the data for China do not include those for Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan Province of China.

The following symbols have been used in the tables:

  • Two dots (..) indicate that data are not available or are not separately reported. Rows in tables have been omitted in those cases where no data are available for any of the elements in the row;
  • A dash (-) indicates that the item is equal to zero or its value is negligible;
  • A blank in a table indicates that the item is not applicable, unless otherwise indicated;
  • A slash (/) between dates representing years, e.g., 1994/95, indicates a financial year; and
  • Use of an en dash (-) between dates representing years, e.g., 1994-1995, signifies the full period involved, including the beginning and end years.

Details in tables do not necessarily add up to totals because of rounding.

This publication has been produced without formal editing.

Copyright United Nations, 2014.

Readers are encouraged to use the data in this publication for non-commercial purposes, provided acknowledgement is explicitly given to UNCTAD, together with the reference to this publication.

 

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