Quantitative data on bilateral investment treaties and double taxation treaties

UNCTAD no longer works on the issue of Double Taxation Treaties.

The content of this page has not been updated since 2002 but remains available for reference purposes only.


 

The framework of investment rules is partially laid out in a large number of bilateral investment treaties (BITs), free trade agreements with investment-related provisions, double taxation treaties (DTTs), regional trade agreements and multilateral agreements.

The number of BITs has grown steadily; they numbered 385 by 1989, and 2,265 in 2003, encompassing 176 countries. The number of double taxation treaties has reached 2,256 in 2002.

Figure 1Number of BITs and DTTs concluded per year and cumulative 1990-2002

BITs and DTTs concluded per year and cumulative 1990-2002

(Source: UNCTAD, BITs and DTT databases)

Table 1Number of BITS and DTTs concluded per year and cumulative 1990-2002

  Total per year:
left scale
Cumulative total:
right scale
    Total per year to be divided by two
BITs DTTs BITs DTTs   BITs DTTs
1990 61 50 446 1193 1990 122 100
1991 81 55 527 1248 1991 162 110
1992 124 62 651 1309 1992 248 124
1993 129 96 780 1405 1993 258 192
1994 191 107 971 1512 1994 382 214
1995 202 101 1173 1613 1995 404 202
1996 211 114 1384 1727 1996 422 228
1997 172 126 1556 1852 1997 344 252
1998 171 95 1727 1947 1998 342 190
1999 129 114 1857 2061 1999 258 228
2000 84 57 1941 2118 2000 168 114
2001 159 68 2099 2185 2001 318 136
2002 82 68 2181 2255 2002 164 136

(Source: UNCTAD, BITs and DTT databases)

Table 2Share of BITS per country by region, as at 2002

Region Number
of BITs
Economy Average BITs
/Economy
Developed countries 1170 26 45
Developing countries 1745 150 12
Africa 533 53 10
Latin America and the Caribbean 413 40 10
Asia and the Pacific 1003 57 18
CEE 716 19 38

(Source: UNCTAD, BITs databases)


Quick Links:  | BITs on-line |  BITs 1959-1999 |

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Charlie Hebdo