An unincorporated enterprise in the host country which is one of the following: (i) a permanent establishment or office of the foreign investor; (ii) an unincorporated partnership or joint venture (defined below) between the foreign direct investor and one or more third parties; (iii) land, structures (except structures owned by government entities), and/or immovable equipment and objects directly owned by a foreign resident; (iv) mobile equipment (such as ships, aircraft, gas or oil-drilling rigs) operating within a country other than that of the foreign investor for at least one year.
Under the fully consolidated system:
- A is a subsidiary of N;
- B is indirectly a subsidiary of N;
- C is an associate of B and hence of N, provided that B has an effective voice in the management of C;
- D is a subsidiary of N and an affiliate of A;
- L is a branch of D and hence of N.