ditcted-18072017-biotrade-topics-4-300.jpg​At the 15th and 16th meetings of the Conference of the Parties (CoP) to CITES in 20101 and 2013, it was decided to consider the possible development of traceability systems to assist in ensuring the sustainable use of CITES-listed species. In response, UNCTAD and the CITES Secretariat have collaborated in drafting technical documents and organizing workshops on traceability issues to better understand the requirements in developing such systems for species through the supply chain, from sourcing all the way to the market and final consumption by consumers. In 2014, UNCTAD and CITES jointly conducted a study to assess the traceability systems for the sustainable international trade in South-East Asian python skins (Ashley, 2014) in response to CITES Decisions 16.102, 16.103 and 16.105 (CITES, 2013).

Complementing this work, UNCTAD, in consultation with the CITES Secretariat, selected CITES Management and Scientific Authorities, and BioTrade partners, started to work on traceability issues for CITES-listed (Appendices II and III) non-timber plant species in 2015. In particular, two comprehensive studies were developed to facilitate work related to the tracing of CITES-listed non-timber forest (NTF) plant species, focusing on ornamental and medicinal plants.

Implementing a traceability system for orchids
The pilot project implemented the traceability mechanism for the trade in orchids for one of the biggest nurseries in the San Martín region, Vivero Agro Oriente. It developed information management tools and a monitoring standard, using a unique codification/ identity. This assured the traceability of the orchid from collection to final consumer. Initially, technology and capacity challenges, such as the manual organization of registers into a unique database raised problems related to the identification of parental breeding stock, management of nonidentified clones and control of lost crops, among others.



30 October 2013UNCTAD and CITES hold meeting on traceability system for international trade in python skins from South-East Asia







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