Summary of Adoption of E-Commerce Legislation Worldwide

The UNCTAD Global Cyberlaw Tracker is the first ever global mapping of cyberlaws. It tracks the state of e-commerce legislation in the field of e-transactions, consumer protection, data protection/privacy and cybercrime adoption in the 194 UNCTAD member states. It indicates whether or not a given country has adopted legislation, or has a draft law pending adoption. In some instances where information about a country's legislation adoption was not readily available, 'no data' is indicated.

If you would like to update or amend your country's data, please fill in the questionnaire and forward your response to

The share of countries that have adopted a law is typically highest for e-transactions and lowest for the protection of online consumers. But patterns vary by region. For example, in Central America, seven out of eight countries have consumer protection legislation in place, but more than half of the countries lack laws related to data protection. The sub region with the weakest coverage of e-commerce legislation is Middle Africa, where only two out of nine countries have laws in any of the four areas.

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Data was collected through UNCTAD research as well as contributions by its partners, including the Commonwealth Secretariat, the Council of Europe, the International Telecommunication Union, United Nations Commission on International Trade Law, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for West Africa and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the World Bank. UNCTAD's focus in mapping the global legal e-commerce landscape has been on primary legislation..

The UNCTAD Secretariat would like to express its appreciation to Professor Graham Greenleaf and Professor Stephen Mason for making freely available their global databases on global data protection/privacy laws and e-transactions laws respectively.

The material contained on the Cyberlaw Tracker pages may be freely quoted and used with appropriate acknowledgement.



The Global Cyberlaw Tracker will be updated periodically and the information found on it is all publicly available. Please contact us and let us know of any additional information that we may have missed or needs correction. Whilst every reasonable effort is made to keep the content of this tracker accurate and up to date, no warranty or representation of any kind, express or implied, is made in relation to the accuracy, completeness, adequacy of the information contained in these pages.

The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


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