The UNCTAD ICT Policy Reviews (ICTPR) serve to help developing countries adjust their ICT policies and implementation mechanisms aimed at developing the information and knowledge-based economy.
The reviews assess the implementation of ICT strategies, policies and programmes geared towards the development of the information economy. They provide action-oriented recommendations for policy improvements.
The reviews are presented within UNCTAD's inter-governmental framework. Governments can benefit from peer reviews and sharing of best practices.
Assessing the impact of policy measures and sector-specific interventions is a challenge. UNCTAD' has developed a model framework that assists governments of developing countries in this task. It draws on UNCTAD's ongoing work on ICT policies and on ICT measurement for economic development and trade.
The ICTPR model framework focuses on the assessment of three main components:
The general economic environment and ICT diffusion (the ICT environment)
Key policy components of the national ICT master plan and their implementation (the ICT policy framework)
The institutional framework, implementation mechanisms and the roles of the relevant stakeholders (the implementation and institutional framework.
By undertaking an ICTPR, policy makers will be able to:
Quantify the main achievements regarding the implementation of ICT policy measures as foreseen in the national ICT plan(s).
Identify critical success factors, best practices and conditions, as well as reasons for failure to be able to adjust and reform ICT policies.
Compare and contrast achievements and successes and failures with other jurisdictions.
Formulate new and targeted policy decisions to support and accelerate ICT penetration with Government, businesses and the society.
Beneficiaries and stakeholders
Direct beneficiaries of the Review are the governmental bodies involved in the development, implementation and monitoring of national ICT policies. These include government ministries in charge of the national ICT policy framework, as well as stakeholders from business organizations, academia and civil society that participate in, and contribute to, the policy formulation and implementation.
At a national level, beneficiaries include the general public and specific groups or institutions (e.g. rural communities or schools) benefiting from policy objectives such as universal access to ICT or the development of human resources, as well as SMEs and specific sectors- benefiting from policies promoting domestic and international e-business, ICT-related trade, technological innovation or e-government.