- Trends and prospect for south-south integration, including in particular in trade, finance, investment and technology, their interdependence and the consequences for policy making, including at the macroeconomic and sectoral levels.
- Integration opportunities around new growth poles in the South, including the emerging big regional economies, and the possible channels through which growth impulses could be transmitted to other developing countries; how these opportunities might be impacted, positively or negatively, by shifts in the wider global economy, including developments in advanced economies.
- The role of integration and cooperation among developing countries in supporting economic diversification and technological upgrading; the challenges, in this regard, that might face countries at different levels of development, including middle-income developing countries, and the additional support mechanisms for lower income countries to catch-up with regional neighbours.
- Policy responses and institutional requirements to support a deepening pattern of integration and cooperation among developing countries, with particular attention given to trade arrangements as well as to emerging forms of financial and monetary cooperation, and development assistance; the adjustment and safeguard mechanisms needed to support closer integration integration; lessons from past experiences as well as comparative perspectives; the scope for different cooperation models including triangular cooperation.
- The links between south-south cooperation and the wider multilateral agenda; including its role in ongoing efforts to rethink the international financial architecture, strengthening the development dimension of trade negotiations; improving aid effectiveness (including aid for trade).
- New threats and challenges, particularly those involving climate change but also related threats linked to food security and countries emerging from conflict.