As the lead agency within the United Nations system for science and technology as part of its work on trade and development, UNCTAD is pleased to publish the STIP Review of Angola. The latest in the STIP series, it strengthens UNCTAD´s support in country-level mechanisms, including within the framework of the Millennium Development Goals as called for by its Panel of Eminent Persons.
We in UNCTAD believe that technology is a crucial element for enhancing the growth prospects of developing countries and is a necessary precondition for overcoming poverty and marginalization. In spite of increasing global commitment to address
this issue, the technology gap among and within nations continues to widen.
The present work contributes to the global knowledge and experience in identifying policies and measures for
integrating technology into national development strategies and in maximizing their impact towards the achievement of the MDGs, as well as in building innovation capabilities, developing absorptive capacity and infrastructure for technology transfer, and applying ICTs to development.
We actively sought the views of stakeholders across the board in producing this work, including government officials and development partners, foreign investors and local entrepreneurs, NGOs and academe. I would like to thank all those who have contributed to it in one way or another.
The signing of the 2002 Peace Accords has heralded double-digit economic growth in Angola, underpinned largely by the country´s rich natural resources. Inasmuch as Government is the principal actor in both economic and social scenes at this time, the review focuses on the technology needs of the main ministries and proposes innovative measures for creating additional value-added in their service delivery and organizational dynamics.
While national research and development capacity was critical not only in agriculture and health but also in the nascent
private sector, the review stresses that it should be development-oriented rather than researchcentered.
In addition to the two platform technologies it proposes to support Angola´s current economic and social growth, i.e. ICTs and energy, it offers sector-specific and cross-cutting measures to create an environment conducive to innovation and growth. Foremost among these is strengthening human capital.
Angola has the resources and potential to become an economic engine in the sub-region. Its success will not only serve as an example for countries emerging from conflict but also as a stabilizing factor in the geopolitical dynamics in the region.
We are therefore proud and honored to be of service to the Government of Angola in its peace-building and reconstruction efforts.
Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi
Secretary-General of UNCTAD