UNCTAD technical cooperation activities are financed from: bilateral funding — including individual governments, UN system and other international organizations, the European Commission and private and public sectors donors — the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); the United Nations programme budget; and Delivering as one funding mechanisms and other Multi donor Trust Funds (MDTFs).
In 2015 the overall contributions provided on a voluntary basis by individual governments, multilateral donors, non-governmental organizations, the enterprise sector and foundations amounted to $34.7 million, 12 per cent less than in 2014.
Sources of UNCTAD trust fund contributions, 2010-2015
(Thousands of dollars)
Developed countries and the European Commission significantly reduced their contributions to UNCTAD. In contrast, contributions from developing countries continued their upward trend to reach a record high of $17.6 million. For the first time in the past two decades, developing country contributions represented more than half of the trust fund contributions received by UNCTAD.
More than 100 bilateral donors and a number of multilateral and other organizations contribute to UNCTAD.
Contributions from the UN Regular Budget (section 22 and 34), which are detailed below, are not distributed on a yearly basis but under yearly allotments and are analysed on the basis of yearly expenditures.
Regarding UNDP contributions and contributions from Delivering as one funding mechanisms and other Multi donor Trust Funds (MDTFs), amounts received correspond to yearly expenditures (see below) due to the specific rules applying to the disbursement of these funds.
It is to be noted that in the case of contributions to trust funds from bilateral donors, UN system organizations (with the exception of UNDP and Delivering as one funding mechanisms MDTF) and other international donors, annual contributions do not correspond to annual expenditures as in many cases contributions are for activities to be carried out over a number of years.
Expenditures and Allocation of technical cooperation resources
Overall expenditures that finance UNCTAD technical cooperation fall under three main categories - trust funds, Delivering as one funding mechanisms and other Multi donor Trust Funds (MDTFs), and the United Nations regular budget which include (section 22 and 34 and associate experts.
The overall expenditures for UNCTAD technical cooperation activities reached $39.6 million in 2015, 2 per cent higher than in 2014. Expenditures in support of the least developed countries increased by 23 per cent to reach a record high of $18.9 million. The Automated System for Customs Data (ASYCUDA) and the Debt Management and Financial Analysis System (DMFAS) continued to be the two largest technical cooperation programmes of UNCTAD, accounting for 57 per cent of total expenditures in 2015.
This is evidence of the key role played by the third pillar of UNCTAD. Trust funds expenditures continue to be the major source of disbursement for UNCTAD technical cooperation, accounting in 2015 for 87.5 per cent of total expenditures for UNCTAD's operational activities.
Technical cooperation expenditures by source of funds, 2012-2015
(Thousands of dollars)