The Division focuses on the poorest and most vulnerable developing countries in the world. Specifically, it aims to increase understanding of the development problems of Africa and the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), as well as countries with specific geographical impediments, notably Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS).
The Division proposes policies for actions to support inclusive and sustainable development.
Over 90 developing countries fall under the Division's areas of work.
In its Least Developed Countries Report 2015, subtitled "Transforming Rural Economies", UNCTAD proposes a roadmap to fight against the root causes of migration flows within and from least developed countries (LDCs) and to eliminate poverty by 2030.
UNCTAD and the Asian Development Bank held a workshop on integrating trade into national development strategies in Asia and the Pacific in Manila, the Philippines, from 1–2 October 2015
Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF)
United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and the Small Island Developing States (UN-OHRLLS)
UN Steering Committee on Tourism Development (UN-SCTD)