unctad.org | Multi-year Expert Meeting on Enhancing the Enabling Economic Environment at All Levels in Support of Inclusive and Sustainable Development, Third and Fourth Sessions
Multi-year Expert Meeting on Enhancing the Enabling Economic Environment at All Levels in Support of Inclusive and Sustainable Development, Third and Fourth Sessions
14 - 15 December 2015
Room VII, Palais des Nations
Geneva, Switzerland

Key Issues


Sectoral transformation, diversification and capital accumulation that breed social inclusiveness are among the key drivers of development.

The trends in sectoral composition of value added and employment, and the progress and setbacks indicate that such processes do not result spontaneously from market forces alone, but require the action of social and economic actors, including developmental States.

The objective of the multi-year expert meeting is to exchange views, experiences and lessons learned regarding policies and measures at all levels for devising approaches to combine and manage the process of structural transformation, economic diversification and social inclusion, especially under the constraints set by the current global economic environment.

Within this context, industrial policy emerges as a relevant element in multilateral approaches to foster potential linkages for structural change, coordinate the process of capital accumulation and achieve a balance between productivity and employment.

Historical evidence indicates differentiated paths not only in terms of value-added processes and structural transformation, but also in terms of the employment patterns that emerge for women and youth. As structural economic transformation also modifies the social structure, changing policy needs and priorities should be supported by an enabling policy environment to address the social and political aspects of inclusive economic transformation.

Productive diversification, technological upgrade and structural change are keys to generate sustained growth paths, in particular because they contribute to the expansion of domestic demand and lead to increased employment.

In this process, developing and transition economies will have to find a proper balance between domestic, regional and international markets that may provide space for industrialization, given the present constraints on global demand and policy environment.

The objectives of these sessions of the expert meeting will be pursued through presentations by experts, an exchange of experiences and lessons learned, and interactive debate.

The issues they will address will include the following:

  1. Policies needed to help improve economic opportunities for all, particularly women and youth.

  2. An overview of global, regional and national economic situations and likely prospects, and implications for major market opportunities.

  3. Measures used or measures that may potentially be used to promote sustainable structural transformation and diversification in developing countries, in particular the least developed countries.

  4. The role of national policies in promoting economic catch-up and enhancing the benefits of productive investment - including employment generation and skills upgrading, infrastructural development, a shift to higher value-added activities, innovation clusters and technological development.

The fourth session, as stipulated in the terms of reference approved by the delegates, will provide a short summary of the previous three sessions.


Language(s):English; French; Spanish; Chinese; Russian; Arabic;
Communications concerning representation:
UNCTAD secretariat
Intergovernmental Support Service
Palais des Nations
CH-1211 Geneva 10
Fax: 41 22 917 0214
E-mail: meetings@unctad.org


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