FDI flows into Italy
last year defied the general downward trend, climbing 2% and continuing a rise
that began in 1998. The country is now a net outward investor, with its outward
FDI stock increasing sixfold between 1990 and 2001. Italian FDI stock, both
inward and outward, is regionally diversified; the top three investors are
France, the Netherlands and Switzerland. The ratio of FDI stock to GDP is
relatively low, suggesting a potential for further investment.
In Canada, both inflows and outflows dropped last year by about 20%, although they were
above the average 1997-1999 levels. While 90% of inflows originate in the United
States, outflows are more diversified, with the US receiving some 62% of the
total in 2001.
Like Italy, Canada has also become a net outward investor; its outward FDI
stock increased four and a half times from 1990 to 2002. Financial services are
the most important industry for both inward and outward stock. In contrast to
Italy, Canada´s ratio of FDI stock to GDP is significant and continues to
increase, from about 20% of inward stock a decade ago to 30% in 2000.
National investment profiles are being published online as they become
available, based on each country´s reporting schedules. The profiles, which are
part of UNCTAD´s World Investment Directory, provide quick electronic access to
the latest statistics on foreign direct investment (FDI) and the operations of
transnational corporations (TNCs). They include statistical definitions and
sources, a listing of relevant national laws and regulations, information on
bilateral and multilateral agreements and a bibliography.
For more information, please visit the Division on Investment, Technology and Enterprise Development website.
Masataka Fujita, Officer-in-Charge, Investment Trends Section, T: +41 22 907 6217, F: +41 22 907 0194, E: firstname.lastname@example.org;
Katja Weigl, T: +41 22 907 5846, E: email@example.com;
UNCTAD Press Office, T: +41 22 907 5828, E: firstname.lastname@example.org.