This Report was prepared by Prof. Manenga Ndulo under the supervision of
UNCTAD and the Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Industry of Zambia in the
framework of the Joint (ITC/UNCTAD/WTO) Integrated Technical Assistance
Programme to selected Least Developed and Other African Countries (JITAP).
The documents included in this publication are in the original language as
provided by the authors. The views expressed in this volume are those of the
authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations Secretariat.
The designations employed and the presentation of the material do not imply the
expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations
Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of
its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries, or
regarding its economic system or degree of development.
Material in this publication may be freely quoted or reprinted, but
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A copy of the publication containing the quotation or reprint should be sent to the
UNCTAD Secretariat at: Palais des Nations, 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland.