At the time of the review, Egypt had the potential to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) of higher quantity and quality, commensurate with the fundamental strengths and opportunities that its economy offered. These strengths included a large domestic market, a wide industrial base, a skilled and competitively priced workforce and a strategic location in the region.
The IPR recognized the efforts that the Government of Egypt had made to establish an adequate investment regulatory framework and improve the business environment. However, while current FDI inflows had been meeting the objectives of job creation and output expansion, most industrial projects had so far failed to boost exports.
The IPR concluded that overcoming the limited involvement of TNCs in manufacturing sectors with export potential such as food, garments and electronics, would require a policy emphasis on the following:
- Infrastructure investments relating to the physical, technological and educational infrastructure.
- Specific sectors to promote clusters of related enterprises and self-sustaining development.
Since the publication of the IPR, UNCTAD has assisted the Government with training of:
- Diplomats on investment trends, policies and promotion.
- Staff on FDI statistics.
| Report on the Implementation of the Investment Policy Review: Egypt |
| Expert Meeting on Capacity Building in the Area of FDI: Data Compilation and Policy Formulation in Developing Countries |
| Training Session for Egyptian Diplomats on Investment Trends, Policies and Promotion |