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Honourable Minister of Industry and Commerce, Ms. Monique Nsanzabaganwa,
Ladies and gentlemen,
I am very honoured to welcome you, Your Excellency, to this Special Session of the ECOSOC on the work of One UN in Rwanda. A session on the One UN in Cape Verde was held in the context of the Trade and Development Board of UNCTAD in September last year, and we look forward to organizing similar events for other One UN pilot countries in the future. I am also pleased to welcome the representatives of the UN entities that are part of the Interagency Cluster on Trade and Productive Capacity. Since this is the first time that I have had the opportunity to meet you in a joint event such as this, allow me to thank you, on behalf of UNCTAD, for your support and participation in this innovative alliance of agencies.
This session has three main goals: first, to disseminate the successful experience of Rwanda in establishing and implementing the One UN scheme as an instrument to support its national development policies; secondly, to explain, through the example of Rwanda, how the One UN programme and budget can be articulated with the Enhanced Integrated Framework; and lastly, to show how the UN Interagency Cluster on Trade and Productive Capacity operates.
Regarding this session´s first goal, we will learn from the presentations of the Minister of Industry and Commerce her views on the experience of the One UN in Rwanda. Having begun the implementation of this reform less than two years ago, it may be too soon to have a comprehensive vision of its impact. However, it is important to know what positive results are already perceived by the Government of Rwanda. It is also instructive to hear to what extent the coordination of UN aid - through the One UN Programme - is adding value to the development assistance delivered by the UN system. Here, it will also be useful to discover to what extent there has been a dialogue between UN agencies, donors and national counterparts to support a genuine ownership of development assistance, and what should be improved in the future. The perspective of the UN Resident Coordinator in Rwanda, Mr. Aurélien Agbénonci, is extremely relevant in this respect and we look forward to hearing his presentation: not only because of the lessons learned regarding the role of the UN assistance in Rwanda, but also because of what can be extrapolated from this specific experience to other countries, including those that are not part of the "One UN" pilots, but engaged in a "Delivering as One" process.
The second goal of the session is to show, through a specific example, how operational and financial linkages can be established between the One UN mechanism and the implementation of the Enhanced Integrated Framework. Indeed, in Rwanda, the components of the Diagnostic Trade Integration Study (DTIS) that concern investment and competition issues have been included with exactly the same content into the One UN Programme. Furthermore, since 2008, these activities on investment and competition have been funded by the resources of the One UN Budget which aims, among other things, to finance the funding gaps between the available resources of UN agencies in Rwanda and the costs of the project.
In September 2008, the Minister of Trade and Industry of Rwanda, Hon. Monique Nsanzabaganwa requested UNCTAD to assist Rwanda in the elaboration of a comprehensive trade policy. UNCTAD responded to this request by preparing a "development-driven trade policy framework" and undertaking an advisory mission to Rwanda. It would therefore be appropriate that UNCTAD´s collaboration with the Government of Rwanda in this area should be included in the One UN Rwanda Program, including new joint operations with the interagency Cluster on Trade and Productive capacity. This is one example of successful coordination between the One UN program and the EIF, but the scope for further assistance that could be provided by the Cluster in Rwanda still has great potential.
The example of Rwanda should also be seen in the context of the past two years since the implementation of the One UN pilot programs began. We will hear updated information on the broader context of the One UN pilots from Ms Deborah Landey, Director of the Development Operations Coordination Office (DOCO) that is now part of the main interagency body of the UN System, the Chief Executives´ Board (CEB). The context of the system-wide coherence process is important for understanding how economic multilateralism is currently being shaped and how it could develop over the next few years. I am therefore also honoured to welcome Ms. Annika Söder, FAO Assistant Director-General and Vice Chair of the UN Development Group (UNDG), who will share her overall vision of this process of coherence. Additionally, we are also very pleased to have the participation of Mr. Richard Kennedy, Senior Officer in the Office of the Director General of UNIDO, who will provide an insight into the activities of a participating agency whose assistance is directly focused on productive capacity.
We will have the opportunity to address questions and comments from Delegations and other participants at the end of the presentations.
Before giving you the floor, Ms. Söder, allow me to reiterate that UNCTAD is strongly committed to support the reforms introduced by the Delivering as One program. The governing bodies of UNCTAD, including the Ministerial Conference of UNCTAD XII held last year at Accra adopted clear mandates in this regard. UNCTAD´s engagement within the CEB Interagency Cluster on Trade and Productive Capacity helps to strengthen the UN System´s ability to provide integrated and coherent policies and operations to developing countries.