STIP reviews are undertaken at the request of member States. As of the end of 2011, UNCTAD had implemented STIP Reviews in Angola, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Iran, Jamaica, Lesotho, Mauritania and Peru. Nine requests are pending.
Following an extensive review and evaluation of Oman's STI actors, networks, interactions, institutions, capabilities, policies and overall environment, which will involve consultations with all the STI stakeholders, a diagnosis will be established and policy options formulated and presented to STI policymakers and then to the other national STI players.
The outcome of the analysis, diagnosis and policy options formulation process will be documented in a STIP Review report which will set out an action plan for the consideration of the Omani Government.
The diagnosis and recommendations will also provide the basis on which specific capacity-building activities targeting various elements of the innovation system and environment can be formulated, funded and delivered from various sources.
A STIP review report is usually disseminated through the UNCTAD intergovernmental mechanisms, the UN Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD), and among the national STI stakeholders through workshops and other events.
UNCTAD serves as a focal point within the United Nations on issues of science, technology and innovation for development.