The 2005 Statistical Profiles of the Least Developed Countries
is a quick reference booklet. It provides selected socio-economic data on LDCs as well as key indicators used in the formulation of the Human Assets Index (HAI) and Economic Vulnerability Index (EVI).
In 2004, the 50 LDCs accounted for over 11% of the world´s population (742 million), but only 0.6% of the world´s GDP. A Low per capita income, low levels of human assets and a high economic vulnerability characterize these countries, which need specific support:
- to develop their physical infrastructure and human resources,
- to enhance their institutional capacities, and
- to reduce their competitive disadvantage in the global economy.
The statistical profile of each country encompasses, inter alia, a wide range of selected data on the population, health and education, as well as GDP, trade in goods and services, foreign direct investment, official development assistance and external debt.
Indicators entering the formulation of the Human Assets Index (HAI) and Economic Vulnerability Index (EVI) are provided for LDCs as a group and for relevant regional groups.