212. As one of the three pillars of UNCTAD, technical cooperation should be fully integrated with the other two pillars.
Technical cooperation should:
- Deliver tangible results at the interregional, regional and national levels, to the benefit of all developing countries;
- Be demand-driven and embrace country ownership;
- Be based on the principles of transparency, efficiency, effectiveness and accountability;
- Continue to address the needs of all developing countries, in particular LDCs;
- Particularly address the needs of the African continent;
- Be planned and implemented in a geographically balanced manner;
- Continue to address the special needs and problems of landlocked developing countries;
- Also continue to address the special needs of small-island developing States, and to address the special needs of other structurally weak, vulnerable and small economies;
- Be in accordance with Trade and Development Board decisions 492 (LIV) of 2007 and 478 (L) of 2003; and
- Also be in accordance with the conclusions of the Mid-term Review in 2006.
213. Regional partnership-based delivery of technical assistance activities should be maximized in order to benefit from pooled resources. Local and regional expertise and material resources should be used to the maximum to enhance the institutional capacity of recipient countries and the sustainability of benefits.
214. With regard to LDCs, UNCTAD should intensify its contribution to the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries.
UNCTAD, in collaboration with other participating institutions, should contribute to strengthening in-country capacities for the effective management, implementation and monitoring of the mainstreaming of trade into LDCs' national development plans.
The Conference takes note of the successful outcome of the Pledging Conference on the Enhanced Integrated Framework, held in Stockholm on 25 September 2007.
215. Efforts should be pursued to improve the management, evaluation and reporting of all technical assistance activities, with greater attention being paid to:
- Measuring the effectiveness and evaluating the impact of those activities, in accordance with the relevant paragraphs of Trade and Development Board decision 478 (L) and relevant United Nations rules and procedures on technical cooperation evaluation;
- Clearly identifying the roles and responsibilities within the secretariat; and
- Tracking the demand for assistance and the availability of funding.
There should be more cross-divisional cooperation in order to promote a holistic, UNCTAD-wide perspective and to enhance synergies, cost-effectiveness and the sharing of best practices and lessons learned in the design and implementation of technical assistance activities.
216. The Conference underscores Trade and Development Board decision 492 (LIV) and encourages its effective implementation in order to increase predictability, transparency and coherence in the planning and implementation of technical assistance programmes with a view to enhancing the effectiveness and impact of UNCTAD technical cooperation.
217. Fund-raising should also be further improved. In line with Trade and Development Board decision 492 (LIV), donors and potential donors in a position to do so are urged to provide multi-year contributions to the newly established thematic trust funds so as to increase predictability in the planning and implementation of the relevant technical assistance programmes.
Other ways and options to improve fund-raising and diversify the funding base should also continue to be explored, such as more effective outreach and presentation of UNCTAD technical cooperation capacities and programmes and of funding needs.
218. One of the key aims of the current United Nations reform proposal is to improve the ways in which United Nations agencies operate at the national level. UNCTAD should reinforce its operational links with other United Nations organizations, particularly those operating at country level.
The Conference welcomes the establishment by the United Nations System Chief Executives Board for Coordination of the inter-agency thematic cluster on trade and productive sectors, the purpose of which is to enhance the role of trade and related issues in United Nations development assistance plans, undertake joint operations at the country level and enhance inter-agency cooperation in system-wide initiatives in these areas.
The newly established training programme for United Nations resident coordinators on the activities and programmes of the thematic cluster should be pursued actively. As a complement to that training, the designated regional focal points referred to in paragraph 178 above should, within the framework of established secretariat procedures, also assist United Nations resident coordinators in identifying and developing UNCTAD programmes for their countries and their inclusion in United Nations development frameworks.
General Assembly resolution 62/208, entitled "Triennial comprehensive policy review of operational activities for development of the United Nations system", and subsequent resolutions on this subject, should be implemented by UNCTAD as expeditiously as possible.
The Conference welcomes and encourages the implementation of the Aid for Trade initiative
and takes note of the Aid for Trade Global Review
held from 19 to 21 November 2007.
The Aid for Trade initiative includes resources for technical assistance provided through both bilateral and multilateral channels to build capacity to formulate locally-owned trade policies, participate in trade negotiations, implement trade agreements, build supply-side capacities and offset adjustment costs.
UNCTAD can contribute to the realization of the Aid for Trade initiative through, inter alia, its technical cooperation activities, including through its participation in the trade and productive capacity cluster.