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The devastating impact of the 2017 Hurricane season in the Caribbean region has put the spotlight on the wide-ranging consequences of environmental vulnerability for developing countries … Rather than being an exception, climate change is expected to make this type of events more frequent and intense … In this context, limited capacity to mobilize domestic resources combined with insufficient multilateral financing facilities creates conditions under which developing countries are unable to …
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STATISTICAL TABLES ON THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES -2017 UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENTSTATISTICAL TABLES ON THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES -2017 UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENTNote UNCTAD/LDC/2017/Stats This is an unedited publication … List of Tables 1. Development indicators … Selected indicators on foreign debt burden, 2002–2016, selected years … Employment by sector in LDCs: 1991–2016, selected years … Total merchandise exports: Levels and annual average growth …
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Policies for transformational energy access CHAPTER 6 THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES REPORT 2017 Transformational energy access UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENTCHAPTER 6 Policies for transformational energy acces A. Introduction 133 B. Strengthen LDC electricity systems 133 1. System-wide energy planning and policy coordination 133 2. Scaling up supply and strategically diversifying the generation mix 135 3. Extending and upgrading the grid 136 4. Closer integration of regional …
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Financing modern electricity provision CHAPTER 5 THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES REPORT 2017 Transformational energy access UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENTKEY CHALLENGE: reconciling financial sustainability with affordability Consumer ability to pay increase in cost of commercial finance due to risk and uncertainty Electricity tariff $12 billion $40 billion Low High Annual estimated cost for basic household needs in LDCs even without transformational energy access $3 billion …
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Governance and policy in electricity provision CHAPTER 4 THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES REPORT 2017 Transformational energy access UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENTMarket TRANSFORMATIONAL ENERGY ACCESS = equal priority to productive and household uses of electricity Commercial and public sectors Agricultural sector Industrial sector The pattern of energy use in LDCs is highly skewed towards households LDCs OECD INTERLOCKING POLICY INFLUENCES underpin electricity policy Household …
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Harnessing technologies for transformational electricity access in LDCs CHAPTER 3 THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES REPORT 2017 Transformational energy access UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENTTraditional, centralized ELECTRICITY SYSTEM TRANSITION Diversified, decentralised Wind, fossil fuels, hydro, solar of LDC electricity generation is based on renewables51% is hydro is solar and wind 52% of which 1% LDC imports of powergenerating machinery and equipment in 2016 annually between …
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Energy and inclusive economic structural transformation CHAPTER 2 THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES REPORT 2017 Transformational energy access UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENTENERGY–TRANSFORMATION NEXUS Transformational energy access Demand for electricity Productive uses of electricity Investment in electricity infrastructure of LDC firms identify electricity as a major constraint 42% TRANSFORMATIONAL ENERGY ACCESS = sufficient, reliable and affordable energy for all types of …
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Energy: The lifeblood of sustainable development CHAPTER 1 THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES REPORT 2017 Transformational energy access UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENTUniversal access to modern energy is important to other SDGs across the economic, social and environmental fields of people without access to electricity worldwide live in LDCs Electricity generation capacity per person in LDCs is Developed Countries ODCs LDCs 1/12 1/50 of that in other developing countries (ODCs …
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ADVANCE COPY Trade and Development Board Intergovernmental Group of Experts on E-commerce and the Digital Economy First session Geneva, 4–6 October 2017 Report of the Intergovernmental Group of Experts on E-commerce and the Digital Economy on its first session Held at the Palais des Nations, Geneva, from 4 to 6 October 2017 United Nations TD/B/EDE/1/3 United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Distr … General 31 October 2017 Original: English TD/B/EDE/1/3 2 Contents Page I. Agreed policy …
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ADVANCE COPY Trade and Development Board Investment, Enterprise and Development Commission Multi-year Expert Meeting on Investment, Innovation and Entrepreneurship for Productive Capacity-building and Sustainable Development Fifth session Geneva, 9–11 October 2017 Report of the Multi-year Expert Meeting on Investment, Innovation and Entrepreneurship for Productive Capacity-building and Sustainable Development on its fifth session Held at the Palais des Nations, Geneva, from 9 to 11 October 2017 …
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Trade and Development Board Investment, Enterprise and Development Commission Intergovernmental Working Group of Experts on International Standards of Accounting and Reporting Thirty-fourth session Geneva, 1–3 November 2017 Report of the Intergovernmental Working Group of Experts on International Standards of Accounting and Reporting on its thirty-fourth session Held at the Palais des Nations, Geneva, from 1 to 3 November 2017 United Nations TD/B/C.II/ISAR/83 United Nations Conference on Trade …
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Microsoft PowerPoint
Dr. Pierre Arhel Counsellor (competition policy) Intellectual Property Division … Sao Paulo, 23-25 April 2003 Presentation based on s*ides prepared by R. Anderson (Counsellor, WTO Secretariat … Issues to be addressed  The Doha Mandate on Competition Policy  Possible Elements of WTO Competition Policy Agreement  Competition - Related Provisions and Core Principles in Existing WTO Agreements The Doha Ministerial Conference: Background 23 … Recognizing the case for a multilateral framework to …
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Microsoft PowerPoint
UNCTAD ISSUES RELATED TO TECHNOLOGY AND INVESTMENT POLICIES AND THE TRIPS AGREEMENT UNCTAD Commercial Diplomacy Programme Assad Omer, DITE … IMPORTANCE OF TECHNOLOGY FOR THE INTEGRATION OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY Knowledge-based global economy Critical determinants of a country’s ability to compete successfully are: the abilities to create new technology and to acquire and adapt successfully technologies from both external and internal sources The challenge is: to …
Date: 01 Jan 2002 Size: 208KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
Preparing for a Successful GATS Negotiations Round UNCTAD Commercial Diplomacy Programme May 2002 The African region showed a growth rate of 7.8 % in arrivals, nearly twice the world average … High concentration of international tourism arrivals in Africa Tourism revenues: one of the five leading sources of export revenue for 69 developing countries main source of foreign currency in 28 countries Important potential for wealth Multiple positive spillover effects Transform vicious circle of …
Date: 01 Jan 1999 Size: 170KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
ECOWAS Regional Workshop on Agriculture Negotiations and food security Conakry, 8-10 April 2002 UNCTAD THE DOHA WORK PROGRAMME: THE UNCTAD PERSPECTIVE Manuela Tortora Trade Negotiations and Commercial Diplomacy Branch UNCTAD The context: from Seattle to Doha What changed: the increasing role of the developing countries and the LDCs in shaping the trade agenda the relevance of the implementation issues the negotiations on the “built-in agenda” since 2000 the international context What has not …
Date: 01 Jan 2002 Size: 461KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
NEGOTIATIONS ON SERVICES General Features: Trade in Services Importance of Services in the Global Economy : Technological advances have served to change the provision of services as well as the perception of the services sector as a whole Growing importance of services for economic growth: Chart 1: Services as percentage of GDP … Economic Importance of Services Mayor contributor to GDP and employment in all developing countries, approximating indicators of developed countries 50-70 …
Date: 05 Dec 2003 Size: 1MB

Microsoft PowerPoint
Important Issues to be considered by Policy Makers and Trade Negotiators Issues concerning Multilateral Trade Negotiations: Article XIX- Built-in Agenda Doha Mandate Expanding market access commitments in national schedules GATS rules Emergency Safeguard Measures Subsidies Government Procurement Important Issues to be considered by Policy Makers and Trade Negotiators Key Concepts Domestic regulatory regimes Non-tariff nature of barriers to trade in services Progressive Liberalisation …
Date: 05 Dec 2003 Size: 354KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
UNCTAD MAIN CROSS CUTTING ISSUES RAISED BY THE PROPOSALS TABLED DURING THE 1ST STAGE OF THE NEGOTIATIONS ON SERVICES UNCTAD, Commercial Diplomacy Programme IMPLEMENTATION OF ART.IV Most proposals do not address art … IV, except: Venezuela (energy services) Dominican Republic, Honduras, El Salvador (tourism) And the proposals of Canada and Australia that mention: Periods of transition Programs of capacity building MODES OF SUPPLY Emphasis on Mode 3 (commercial presence) and Mode 1 …
Date: 01 Jan 2000 Size: 97KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
UNCTAD CULTURAL SERVICES IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE: IMPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Trade Negotiations and Commercial Diplomacy WHAT ARE CULTURAL SERVICES … Under the classification list of the GATS (MNT.GNS/W/120), recreational, cultural sporting and educational services are listed as sectors … Audiovisual services are listed as a subsector … Characteristics of public goods: Non excludable Non rivalrous in consumption Highly susceptible of market failures but it is difficult to make a …
Date: 01 Jan 2000 Size: 111KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
UNCTAD THE NEGOTIATIONS ON THE RULES OF THE GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES Commercial Diplomacy Programme THE GATS RULES SAFEGUARDS SUBSIDIES GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT The negotiating mandate: Art … X: « there shall be multilateral negotiations on the question of emergency safeguard measures… » Art … XV: « Members shall enter into negotations with the view to developing the necessary multilateral disciplines… » Art … XIII: « there shall be multilateral negotiations on government procurement in …
Date: 01 Jan 2000 Size: 131KB