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OIOS recommendations to UNCTAD(outstanding as of January 2016)No. Report RecommendationTarget date1Audit of UNCTAD’s Communications, Information and Outreach SectionTo improve web governance and operations, the UNCTAD secretariat should develop policy guidelines in compliance with common UN system-wide policies that, among other things specify requirements related to functional and technical platform of the new website and standards relating to web layout, branding, style, web content …
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Adverse effects of international cartels on developing countries: limits of domestic competition legislation Sao Paulo, April 23 2003 Dr. F.J.L. SOUTY Counsel for Multilateral Affairs, Competition Council, Paris Professor, University of La Rochelle 25B Three parts Part one: on trade liberalization, competition and development Part two: On Goals, Scope and Exemptions or Exceptions of competition law for development Part three: On actual international anticompetitive practices and their harm …
Size: 174KB

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Vertical restraints, abuse of dominance and mega mergers in sectors of relevance to developing countries Patrick Krauskopf Swiss Competition Authority 80A Vertical restrictions Definition The three main kinds of restrictions Why are restrictions used instead of vertical integration Economic analysis Desirable or undesirable effects of vertical restrictions Consumer: price discrimination Doctrines/Theories and legal framework, some examples USA Europe Switzerland …
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CHALLENGES OF A COMPETITION REGIME IN A SMALL DEVELOPING COUNTRY … Ms. Michelle Goddard Chief Executive Officer Fair Trading Commission Competition Policy and Small Economies Definitions of small economies Population GDP Concentration Ratios Barbados 432 sq km 264,000 population GDP US$2,600.4 million Drivers of Competition Framework for Barbados Domestic Trade Reform Programme Regional Agreements e.g. Caricom Single Market and Economy, FTAA Fair Competition Act 2002-19 Comprehensive …
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COMPETITION POLICY IN BILATERAL AND PLURILATERAL AGREEMENTS: Involvement of the Member States of the Caribbean Community … Presented by Ivor Carryl to ; The Regional Seminar for Latin America and the Caribbean on the Post Doha Competition Issues : Sao Paulo Brazil 23-25 April 2003 Introduction : Caribbean competition policy and law a recent development Infancy: of law, institutions and enforcement Changing from : traditional consumer protection to market conduct/restrictive practices …
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Relevance of WTO core trade principles and S&D for developing countries / Principios básicos del comercio de la OMC y el Trato Especial y Diferenciado: aspectos relevantes para los países en desarrollo … James H. Mathis Amsterdam Law School University of Amsterdam, NL … Overview I. Relevance of core principles to developing countries II … Elements of a developmental- friendly multilateral framework … WTO & private conduct WTO is between States - not firms WTO compels NO domestic regimes (TRIPS excepted …
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Dr. Pierre Arhel Counsellor (competition policy) Intellectual Property Division … Sao Paulo, 23-25 April 2003 Presentation based on s*ides prepared by R. Anderson (Counsellor, WTO Secretariat … Issues to be addressed  The Doha Mandate on Competition Policy  Possible Elements of WTO Competition Policy Agreement  Competition - Related Provisions and Core Principles in Existing WTO Agreements The Doha Ministerial Conference: Background 23 … Recognizing the case for a multilateral framework to …
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Competition Policy in Brazil Daniel Krepel Goldberg Competition Policy versus Competition Law Brazilian legal framework (Federal Constitution and Federal Law 8.884/94) Legal framework is adapted through caselaw + legal analysis + antitrust authority priorities to shape Competition Policy A market economy should have competition as one of its pillars – Political Economy of Competition … Competition Policy in Brazil What should be the goals of competition policy … This is called the “Inverted U-Shape …
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Competition conditions and competition policies in Central America Claudia Schatan … Domestic and foreign capital flow deregulation and privatization took place without legal and institutional framework to avoid anti-competitive practices by national and multinational firms … Progress in competition policy in recent years Costa Rica and Panama have competition laws and a Commission to implement it (COPROCOM and CLICAC … They still have limitations, for example: Enterprises do not need approval by …
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UNCTAD ISSUES RELATED TO TECHNOLOGY AND INVESTMENT POLICIES AND THE TRIPS AGREEMENT UNCTAD Commercial Diplomacy Programme Assad Omer, DITE … IMPORTANCE OF TECHNOLOGY FOR THE INTEGRATION OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY Knowledge-based global economy Critical determinants of a country’s ability to compete successfully are: the abilities to create new technology and to acquire and adapt successfully technologies from both external and internal sources The challenge is: to …
Date: 01 Jan 2002 Size: 208KB

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Services Performance in Developing Countries: Elements of the Assessment Manuela Tortora Trade Negotiations and Commercial Diplomacy Branch Jolita Butkeviciene Trade in services section UNCTAD Elements of this assessment are gained from the UNCTAD Expert Meetings Construction services Energy services Environmental services Health services Tourism services Air transport services Special treatment to the LDCs problems What may developing countries seek in the assessment …
Date: 01 Jan 2002 Size: 88KB

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Overview of the Doha Work Programme Implications for the Developing Countries Commercial Diplomacy Programme UNCTAD … 1-Continuation of the On-Going Negotiations on: AGRICULTURE Substantial improvement in market access; Phasing out of all forms of export subsidies; Substantial reductions in trade-distorting domestic support SERVICES Goals of Article XIX Guidelines and Procedures Article IV 2-Launching of New Negotiations on: Geographical indications other than wines and spirits (TRIPS) (by …
Date: 01 Jan 2001 Size: 86KB

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The GATS and Regional economic integration The GATS enables its members to be a party to, or to enter into preferential agreements liberalising trade in services: art.V of GATS is the equivalent to art.XXIV and to the Enabling Clause of the GATT … Art.V provides for an exception to the general obligation of MFN treatment contained in art.II of GATS for parties of a regional trade agreement in services, meaning that the preferential treatment they apply among members of the regional agreement …
Date: 01 Jan 2001 Size: 69KB

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GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF NATIONAL AND SUBREGIONAL INTERESTS IN NEGOTIATIONS ON SERVICES UNCTAD Commercial Diplomacy Programme … Some starting points to define the negotiating strategy: Identify the sectors or subsectors where the country has a strong comparative advantage: those are the priorities, where the main negotiatin objectives have to be set … Focus on markets which offer growth prospects for exporters, and determine if a better market access could be achieved with bilateral …
Date: 01 Jan 2001 Size: 58KB

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The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) - An overview … Draw on lessons learned in the past Establish what is relevant for the new negotiations Identify conditions to maximize benefits Formulate development objectives in the expected outcome of the negotiations Address existing development asymmetries Some Common Issues That Emerged From Service Sectors Analysis Access to technology SMEs Licensing Anti-competitive practices Movement of persons Regional integration Access to Technology …
Date: 01 Jan 1999 Size: 190KB

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Preparing for a Successful GATS Negotiations Round UNCTAD Commercial Diplomacy Programme May 2002 The African region showed a growth rate of 7.8 % in arrivals, nearly twice the world average … High concentration of international tourism arrivals in Africa Tourism revenues: one of the five leading sources of export revenue for 69 developing countries main source of foreign currency in 28 countries Important potential for wealth Multiple positive spillover effects Transform vicious circle of …
Date: 01 Jan 1999 Size: 170KB

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UNCTAD UNCTAD Commercial Diplomacy Programme Jul y 2002 THE BASIC IDEAS BEHIND THE CONCEPT OF SPECIAL AND DIFFERENTIAL TREATMENT (S&D): There are structural imbalances between developing and developed countries in terms of: share of world trade; access to financing; access to technology; infrastructure weaknesses; institutional capacity and human resources … THE BASIC IDEAS BEHIND THE CONCEPT OF SPECIAL AND DIFFERENTIAL TREATMENT (S&D) The trade liberalisation does not automatically imply …
Date: 01 Jan 2002 Size: 119KB

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ECOWAS Regional Workshop on Agriculture Negotiations and food security Conakry, 8-10 April 2002 UNCTAD THE DOHA WORK PROGRAMME: THE UNCTAD PERSPECTIVE Manuela Tortora Trade Negotiations and Commercial Diplomacy Branch UNCTAD The context: from Seattle to Doha What changed: the increasing role of the developing countries and the LDCs in shaping the trade agenda the relevance of the implementation issues the negotiations on the “built-in agenda” since 2000 the international context What has not …
Date: 01 Jan 2002 Size: 461KB

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THE MULTILATERAL AND REGIONAL DIMENSIONS: Market Access Issues in the WTO Post Doha Programme … WORKSHOP ON MARKET ACCESS IN THE DOHA WORK PROGRAMME …
Date: 01 Jan 2002 Size: 74KB

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UNCTAD THE DOHA MANDATES ON DEVELOPMENT ISSUES UNCTAD Commercial Diplomacy Programme October 2002 The scope of the Doha agenda The Doha Work Programme will be a concrete “Development Agenda” for developing countries IF : On Implementation issues: satisfactory solutions are found, for example: On the implementation of the agreement on textiles; On the implementation of the TRIPS and Health Declaration … On Special and differential treatment (S&D): provisions are made effective and operational …
Date: 10 Jan 2002 Size: 96KB