Global foreign direct investment fell by 42% in 2020, outlook remains weak
Global foreign direct investment (FDI) collapsed in 2020, falling 42% from $1.5 trillion in 2019 to an estimated $859 billion. Such a low level was last seen in the 1990s and is more than 30% below the investment trough that followed the 2008-2009 global financial crisis.
Despite projections for the global economy to recover in 2021 – albeit hesitant and uneven – UNCTAD expects FDI flows to remain weak due to uncertainty over the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Commentary and analysis
By Miho Shirotori and Taisuke Ito, UNCTAD; Yann Duval and Runqiu Du, ESCAP; Gabrielle Marceau, WTO
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