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Microsoft PowerPoint
Training Course on Market Studies KPPU-JFTC-UNCTAD 9 February 2017 … To identify problems in markets and their causes, whether and how they affect consumers and businesses, and develop appropriate policy measures … Complaints from businesses and trade associations … Competition authorities’ concerns based on competition cases and need for competition advocacy … Strategic importance to the competition authority … Risks involved in terms of achieving a successful outcome, and resources …
Size: 1MB

Microsoft PowerPoint
NEGOTIATIONS ON SERVICES General Features: Trade in Services Importance of Services in the Global Economy : Technological advances have served to change the provision of services as well as the perception of the services sector as a whole Growing importance of services for economic growth: Chart 1: Services as percentage of GDP … Economic Importance of Services Mayor contributor to GDP and employment in all developing countries, approximating indicators of developed countries 50-70 …
Date: 05 Dec 2003 Size: 1MB

Microsoft PowerPoint
CHECKLIST OF ISSUES FOR THE NEGOTIATIONS ON TRADE IN SERVICES UNCTAD, Commercial Diplomacy Programme THE BUILT-IN AGENDA ON SERVICES The mandate of article XIX of the GATS: « Members shall enter into successive rounds of negotiations… with a view to achieving a progressively higher level of liberalization … Such negotiations shall be directed to the reduction or elimination of the adverse effects on trade in services of measures as a means of providing effective market access… » THE …
Date: 01 Jan 2000 Size: 99KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
WTO Accession Process Application for Accession Communication to WTO Director General General Council Establishment of a Working Party Information to be provided on Policy Measures affecting trade in services WTO Secretariat WT/ACC/5 Submission of the Memorandum on Foreign Trade Regime Questions by WTO members, answers by applicant Market access on Goods Track Market access on Services Track Multilateral Track Examination of foreign trade regime’ compatibility with WTO Agreements …
Date: 21 May 2003 Size: 73KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
Important Issues to be considered by Policy Makers and Trade Negotiators Issues concerning Multilateral Trade Negotiations: Article XIX- Built-in Agenda Doha Mandate Expanding market access commitments in national schedules GATS rules Emergency Safeguard Measures Subsidies Government Procurement Important Issues to be considered by Policy Makers and Trade Negotiators Key Concepts Domestic regulatory regimes Non-tariff nature of barriers to trade in services Progressive Liberalisation …
Date: 05 Dec 2003 Size: 354KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
UNCTAD MAIN CROSS CUTTING ISSUES RAISED BY THE PROPOSALS TABLED DURING THE 1ST STAGE OF THE NEGOTIATIONS ON SERVICES UNCTAD, Commercial Diplomacy Programme IMPLEMENTATION OF ART.IV Most proposals do not address art … IV, except: Venezuela (energy services) Dominican Republic, Honduras, El Salvador (tourism) And the proposals of Canada and Australia that mention: Periods of transition Programs of capacity building MODES OF SUPPLY Emphasis on Mode 3 (commercial presence) and Mode 1 …
Date: 01 Jan 2000 Size: 97KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
UNCTAD THE NEGOTIATIONS ON THE RULES OF THE GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES Commercial Diplomacy Programme THE GATS RULES SAFEGUARDS SUBSIDIES GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT The negotiating mandate: Art … X: « there shall be multilateral negotiations on the question of emergency safeguard measures… » Art … XV: « Members shall enter into negotations with the view to developing the necessary multilateral disciplines… » Art … XIII: « there shall be multilateral negotiations on government procurement in …
Date: 01 Jan 2000 Size: 131KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
ECOWAS Regional Workshop on Agriculture Negotiations and food security Conakry, 8-10 April 2002 UNCTAD THE DOHA WORK PROGRAMME: THE UNCTAD PERSPECTIVE Manuela Tortora Trade Negotiations and Commercial Diplomacy Branch UNCTAD The context: from Seattle to Doha What changed: the increasing role of the developing countries and the LDCs in shaping the trade agenda the relevance of the implementation issues the negotiations on the “built-in agenda” since 2000 the international context What has not …
Date: 01 Jan 2002 Size: 461KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
Ministry of Foreign Trade & International Cooperation and UNCTAD Guyana, September 2002 WTO NEGOTIATIONS ON AGRICULTURE Time Frame of Negotiations Negotiating Positions Contentious Issues … TIME FRAME OF NEGOTIATION 2000 - 2001 2002-2003 Negotiations on “Modalities” MARKET ACCESS MODALITIES TARIFFS TARIFF QUOTAS TARIFF QUOTA ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL SAFEGUARD MEASURES OTHER ISSUES MARKET ACCESS MODALITIES Item / Parameter Modalities S&D Product coverage e.g. All agricultural products as per …
Date: 01 Jan 2002 Size: 239KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
THE MULTILATERAL AND REGIONAL DIMENSIONS: Market Access Issues in the WTO Post Doha Programme … WORKSHOP ON MARKET ACCESS IN THE DOHA WORK PROGRAMME …
Date: 01 Jan 2002 Size: 74KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
Negotiating Trade in Services in the Post-Doha Work Programme UNCTAD Commercial Diplomacy Programme May 2002 THE BUILT-IN AGENDA ON SERVICES The mandate of article XIX of the GATS The GATS rules Safeguards Subsidies Government Procurement GATS 2000 - THE BEGINNING The first stage (February 2000-March 2001) Results of the « stocktaking » More than 80 proposals The second stage (April 2001-March 2002) “Guidelines and procedures for the negotiations on trade in services” GUIDELINES AND …
Date: 01 Jan 2002 Size: 117KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
UNCTAD THE DOHA MANDATES ON DEVELOPMENT ISSUES UNCTAD Commercial Diplomacy Programme October 2002 The scope of the Doha agenda The Doha Work Programme will be a concrete “Development Agenda” for developing countries IF : On Implementation issues: satisfactory solutions are found, for example: On the implementation of the agreement on textiles; On the implementation of the TRIPS and Health Declaration … On Special and differential treatment (S&D): provisions are made effective and operational …
Date: 10 Jan 2002 Size: 96KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
Ecowas Regional Workshop on Agriculture and Food Security Conakry, 8-9 April 2002 UNCTAD THE PARALLEL TRADE NEGOTIATIONS: WITH THE EU AND AT THE WTO … Manuela Tortora Trade Negotiations and Commercial Diplomacy UNCTAD WEB/CDP/PPT/37 2 parallel negotiations, 1 single preparatory process … focused on the following questions: COMPARISON OF THE 2 NEGOTIATING PROCESSES DOHA WORK PROGRAMME: Modalities for the negotiations on agriculture (ongoing) Identification of S&D mandatory provisions in all the …
Size: 451KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
ACP and Regional Trade Agreements Some examples WEB/CDP/PPT/37 ACP and Regional Trade Agreements Some examples COMESA Tanzania Kenya Uganda EAC SADC Rwanda Somalia Sudan Egypt Burundi Comoros Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia Madagascar South Africa Dem.Rep. of Congo Botswana Zambia Zimbabwe Mauritius …
Date: 02 Dec 2003 Size: 60KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
Overview of the Doha Work Programme Implications for the Developing Countries Commercial Diplomacy Programme UNCTAD … 1-Continuation of the On-Going Negotiations on: AGRICULTURE Substantial improvement in market access; Phasing out of all forms of export subsidies; Substantial reductions in trade-distorting domestic support SERVICES Goals of Article XIX Guidelines and Procedures Article IV 2-Launching of New Negotiations on: Geographical indications other than wines and spirits (TRIPS) (by …
Date: 01 Jan 2001 Size: 86KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
GUIDELINES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF NATIONAL AND SUBREGIONAL INTERESTS IN NEGOTIATIONS ON SERVICES UNCTAD Commercial Diplomacy Programme … Some starting points to define the negotiating strategy: Identify the sectors or subsectors where the country has a strong comparative advantage: those are the priorities, where the main negotiatin objectives have to be set … Focus on markets which offer growth prospects for exporters, and determine if a better market access could be achieved with bilateral …
Date: 01 Jan 2001 Size: 58KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
Energy Services in International Trade: Development Implications Simonetta Zarrilli UNCTAD September 2002 Energy Structural reform of the energy sector Privatization, increasing competition, unbundling of monopolies, deregulation What energy services are … They are required at each step of the energy process from the location of the potential energy source to its distribution to the final consumer Energy services in the market “Traditional services” exploration extraction drilling derrick …
Date: 01 Jan 2001 Size: 117KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) - An overview … Draw on lessons learned in the past Establish what is relevant for the new negotiations Identify conditions to maximize benefits Formulate development objectives in the expected outcome of the negotiations Address existing development asymmetries Some Common Issues That Emerged From Service Sectors Analysis Access to technology SMEs Licensing Anti-competitive practices Movement of persons Regional integration Access to Technology …
Date: 01 Jan 1999 Size: 190KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
Preparing for a Successful GATS Negotiations Round UNCTAD Commercial Diplomacy Programme May 2002 The African region showed a growth rate of 7.8 % in arrivals, nearly twice the world average … High concentration of international tourism arrivals in Africa Tourism revenues: one of the five leading sources of export revenue for 69 developing countries main source of foreign currency in 28 countries Important potential for wealth Multiple positive spillover effects Transform vicious circle of …
Date: 01 Jan 1999 Size: 170KB

Microsoft PowerPoint
AN UNCTAD ASSESSMENT UNCTAD UNCTAD Commercial Diplomacy Programme April 2000 THE BASIC IDEAS BEHIND THE CONCEPT OF SPECIAL AND DIFFERENTIAL TREATMENT (SDT) SDT deals with compensating for structurals inequalities between developing and developed countries in terms of: share of world trade; access to financing; access to technology; infrastructure weaknesses … THE BASIC IDEAS BEHIND THE CONCEPT OF SPECIAL AND DIFFERENTIAL TREATMENT (SDT) SDT also tries to compensate for the fact that there is no …
Date: 01 Jan 2002 Size: 142KB