Rules of Origin

LDCs are granted preferential tariff treatment in the markets of developed and developing countries under several schemes and arrangements.

Among them are initiatives such as the Generalized System of Preferences, the European Union’s “Everything but Arms” initiative, the African Growth and Opportunity Act of the United States, trade preferences under African, Caribbean and Pacific States–European Union Partnership Agreements and other preferential trading arrangements that have rules of origin as key components.

UNCTAD provides policy advice and technical assistance to help developing countries comply with requirements on rules of origin under preferential trading arrangements – focusing on product origin – with a view to improving the utilization rates of trade preferences granted to them.

Since 2006, for instance, UNCTAD has assisted LDCs that are members of the World Trade Organization on the implementation of the 2005 Ministerial Declaration adopted at the Sixth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (Hong Kong, China) on duty-free, quota-free market access.

The declaration called on ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from LDCs are simple and transparent, and contribute to facilitating market access. UNCTAD also provides support in relation to the World Trade Organization Ministerial Decisions (Bali, Indonesia and Nairobi, Kenya) on preferential rules of origin for LDCs.

Rules of Origin 
Rules of Origin 


13 December 2017At MC11, new research shows convergence on rules of origin is happening
08 December 2017All goods are not created equal: a Q&A on rules of origin with Stefano Inama
Factory workers
13 April 2016Helping Cambodia prepare for growing competition as neighboring countries sign free trade agreements
12 April 2016UNCTAD and the European University Institute organize training on Rules of Origin
26 May 2015Helping Least Developed Countries prepare for WTO Committee on rules of origin
19 November 2013Assisting the Least Developed Countries on preparation for 9th WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali, Indonesia (3-6 December 2013)
Flag of Cambodia
22 July 2013Panel discusses Cambodia: bicycle industry challenges and the fate of trade benefits





Digest of GSP Rules of Origin (UNCTAD/TAP/133/Rev.7)
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