What are Non-Tariff Measures?

Non-tariff measures (NTMs) are policy measures — other than ordinary customs tariffs — that can potentially have an economic effect on international trade in goods, changing quantities traded, or prices or both.

Examples of NTMs:

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures:

Measures that are applied to protect human or animal life from risks arising from: additives, contaminants, toxins or disease-causing organisms in food.

  • Geographical restrictions on eligibility: Imports of dairy products from countries.






Technical Barriers to Trade:

Measures referring to technical regulations, and procedures for assessment of conformity with technical regulations and standards.

  • Labelling requirements: Refrigerators need to carry a label indicating their size, weight and electricity consumption level.







Contingent Trade-protective Measures:

Measures implemented to counteract particular adverse effects of imports in the market of the importing country contingent upon the fulfilment of certain procedural and substantive requirements.

  • Anti-dumping duty: An anti-dumping duty of between 8.5 per cent and 36 per cent has been imposed on imports of biodiesel products from country A.


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