Transport Networks and Corridors

Well-functioning transport networks and corridors are essential for countries economic, social, and trade development, as well as for supporting regional and global integration particularly for landlocked developing countries and small island developing states.

Under its three pillars of work, UNCTAD carries out various activities to assist developing countries in promoting efficient transport corridors and network systems.

These include UNCTAD-led corridor- and cluster-based trade and transport facilitation approach.

A cluster methodology developed by UNCTAD using a collaborative structure/mechanism which brings together public and private stakeholders involved in transit corridor transport in landlocked and transit developing countries to discuss, share information, identify challenges and coordinate their facilitation measures (physical, organizational, and administrative).

Most recently, UNCTAD, in cooperation with UNESCAP, implemented a UN Development Account project on "Capacity Building for Control Authorities and Transport Operators to Improve Efficiency of Cross-border Transport in Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries", which involved the development of a "Cross border and Transit Transport Process Management" Toolkit for landlocked developing countries and transit countries.

The toolkit combines the UNCTAD cluster development approach and the UNESCAP corridor performance measurement methodology named Time/Cost distance Model, which associate time and costs spent for each segment of transport process and help identify, quantify and isolate bottlenecks to be addressed in transport process.





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