COP27 High-level Event: Debt and Climate Change - Innovative Solutions to Climate Finance


COP27 High-level Event: Debt and Climate Change - Innovative Solutions to Climate Finance
05 octubre 2022
14:30 - 16:30 hrs.
Virtual meeting

This is the first event in the COP27 High-level Event Series co-hosted by UNCTAD, the COP27 Presidency, the UN Climate Change High-level Champion, and the Permanent Mission of the Arab Republic of Egypt to the UN in Geneva.


Ambitious and effective climate action at the national, regional and international levels depends on the availability of adequate and predictable financing. However, developing countries are suffering from debt distress at the same time as dealing with higher risks and relative costs of climate impacts. Less fiscal space means less capacity to respond to disasters, adapt to the impacts of climate change or invest in resilience and low carbon development pathways, hence perpetuating a vicious cycle that forecloses both debt sustainability and climate action.

In the current global environment of a growing financial crisis, rising interest rates, and a strengthening dollar, developing countries are facing weakening currencies coupled with heavy debt servicing repayments which are pushing them to the brink of insolvency. In the absence of any multilateral mechanism to respond to debt distress, policy solutions have thus far been piecemeal and ineffective. This prolongs the economic crisis and prevents governments from achieving collective climate and development goals.

At the same time, the current level of climate finance as well as the nature of instruments available are inadequate to secure adaptation and mitigation strategies or deal with the ongoing climate challenges facing developing countries. Despite efforts made by many developed countries, the USD 100 billion annual climate finance commitment is yet to be fulfilled. COP27 is an opportunity to ensure that pledges and commitments, including those related to climate finance, are fulfilled and implemented. It is also an opportunity to test innovative financing instruments that take into consideration the developmental ambition, special circumstances and respective capabilities of developing countries.

Questions to be addressed:

  • What is the relationship between climate change and increasing debt distress?
     
  • What can help countries both address unsustainable debt burdens and facilitate climate-resilient development?
     
  • What are the innovative tools and instruments that can be implemented to provide climate finance at scale without exacerbating debt?
     
  • What are the major barriers to action?
     

Programme:

Introductory remarks from:

Ambassador Dr Ahmed Ihab Gamaleldin, Permanent Representative of the Arab Republic of Egypt to the United Nations Office, the Conference on Disarmament, The World Trade Organization and Other International Organizations at Geneva

Dr Richard Kozul-Wright, Director of the Globalization and Development Strategies Division, UNCTAD

Moderator: Stephanie Blankenburg, Head of the Debt and Development Finance Branch, UNCTAD

Dr. Mahmoud Mohieldin, UN Climate Change High-Level Champion for Egypt and UN Special Envoy on Financing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Ambassador Mohamed Nasr, Director of the Environment, Climate and Sustainable Development Department, Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and on the COP27 Presidency Team

Ambassador Nabeel Munir, Lead negotiator for G77 + China and Ambassador of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan to the Republic of Korea

Ambassador Jérôme Bonnafont, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations in Geneva and other international organizations in Switzerland

Ambassador Dr Walton Webson, Permanent Representative of Antigua & Barbuda to the United Nations and Chair of AOSIS

Gregory Kabwe, Director of Investments and Debt Management, Ministry of Finance and National Planning, Republic of Zambia

Lidy Nacpil, Coordinator for Asian Peoples' Movement on Debt and Development

 

Live interpretation available in Arabic, French and Spanish

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Co-organizadore(s):
The COP27 Presidency, the UN Climate Change High-Level Champion, and the Permanent Mission of the Arab Republic of Egypt to the UN in Geneva

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