Benchmarking Competition Systems: A Global Survey of Major Institutional Characteristics

The proliferation of competition systems has accelerated in recent years. More precisely, since 1975 the competition landscape has witnessed a global transformation:

Until the mid 20th century less than 10 competition regimes existed worldwide. Upon the end of the Second World War Asia, Europe and Latin America began implementing competition policies including the adoption of competition laws and the creation of competition agencies. After 1975, more precisely with the end of the Cold War, global implementation of competition regimes became the norm. As a result, currently there are over 110 competition regimes with competition laws in place-over 80 of these were created after 1980.

More recently, important jurisdictions that are at the cutting edge of economic growth have also adopted competition regimes, most notably China and India. Developing countries are not oblivious to the mushrooming of competition policies and many jurisdictions, notably in Africa, have placed efforts in tailoring competition regimes to their needs. The main reason behind this phenomenon is certainly related to the important role competition policies have played in opening markets and improving consumer welfare.

Against this background, this project will carry out a study that benchmarks the major institutional characteristics of competition authorities. As a result, the study will synthesize the different elements that characterize the existing competition authorities worldwide. Competition Authorities' experiences have generally been catalyzed through interagency cooperation, technical assistance programs, as well as advice provided by international institutions such as UNCTAD, the World Bank, or the OECD.

Thus, the existence of a study that benchmarks the existing agencies will significantly contribute to the competition community and will serve as a prominent database for jurisdictions willing to create or re-invent competition agencies.



The objective of this project is to create a comparative database of the major institutional characteristics that define competition authorities. The project will help to identify the existing trends in the design competition authorities from a diversity of perspectives (e.g. accountability, financial resources, architecture, mandate, etc.).


Project Plan

Phase 1: Identification of major characteristics of competition authorities
Phase 2: Draft and completion of questionnaires that define the institutional characteristics of competition authorities
Phase 3: Circulation of fulfilled questionnaires amongst competition authorities
Phase 4: Analysis of results obtained and identification of trends
Phase 5: Creation of a database
Phase 6: Draft of a report with the results

Current Phase of Implementation

The project has been completed.


Contact Information

Prof. William E. Kovacic
Competition Law Center-George Washington Law School
2000 H Street, N.W, Washington, DC 20052

Marianela López-Galdos
Competition Law Center-George Washington Law School
2000 H Street, N.W, Washington, DC 20052

Yves Kenfack
Economic Affairs Officer
Competition and Consumer Policies Branch (CCPB)