Currently, 31 countries belong to the Group of landlocked developing countries (LLDCs): 15 are located in Africa, 12 in Asia, 2 in Latin America and 2 in Central and Eastern Europe.
The lack of territorial access to the sea poses persistent challenges to growth and development of these countries and has been the main factor hindering their ability to better integrate in the global trading system. The transit of export and import goods through the territory of at least one neighboring State and the frequent change of mode of transport result in high transaction costs and reduced international competitiveness.
Responding to the specific problems of LLDCs requires a multidimensional approach to landlockedness as a development challenge. This notably implies the implementation of policies and measures aimed at economic restructuring and specialization in these countries that take into account their transport-related obstacles. The development of productive capacities is a key element of this process.
In this context, UNCTAD supports LLDCs to tackle persisting and emerging challenges by providing advisory services and organizing high-level expert group meetings, among others to address key challenges facing these countries.
- Preparation of policy-focused studies at the request of LLDCs
- Supporting LLDCs to attract Foreign Direct Investments (FDI)