Trade and Gender Linkages: An analysis of Least Developed Countries
This document is the ninth teaching manual on trade and gender prepared by UNCTAD.
The teaching manual has been developed with the goal of enhancing the capacity of policymakers, civil society organizations, and academics to examine the gender implications of trade flows and trade policy, and to develop gender-sensitive policies on gender and trade.
This module covers 47 countries from different geographical regions (33 from Africa, 9 from Asia, 4 from the Pacific, and 1 from the Caribbean), and adopts the UNCTAD grouping of LDCs as the African LDCs and Haiti, the Asian LDCs, and the Island LDCs based on their geographical and structural characteristics.
Each economic and social indicator is calculated as a weighted average for each LDC group throughout the module. When data is available, regional averages are also presented for sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, South-eastern Asia, and Pacific Island Small States or Small Island Developing States to put the LDCs in perspective.
The document presents an overview of the socio-economic outlook for LDCs and of existing gender inequalities.
It discusses the gender implications of international trade and regional/ global economic integration in the LDCs and puts forth policy recommendations.
At the end of this module, students should be able to:
Interpret and use various measures of gender inequalities in LDCs and assess their implications for participation in trade
Understand the interaction between trade and gendered economic outcomes in LDCs
Interpret the findings of the study to propose gender-sensitive policies to support women’s participation in trade and reduce gender inequalities.