Trade, Employment and Development
Trade, employment and development  

Enabling the potential of trade to generate and improve employment in developing countries and countries with economies in transition.

Trade and employment are related to development in many ways:

  • Trade creates jobs. Exports can increase income for example by expanding demand, achieving higher returns, and bringing production closer to full capacity, thus affecting employment levels. Imports can increase inflows of knowledge and other inputs, with a potential to improve the labour market.

  • Trade improves jobs, impacting on the skill level of workers, improving productivity through economies of scale, diversified client base and knowledge transfer, which can be linked to positive wage premiums and skills upgrading.

  • The services economy and trade as a key contributor for employment. In addition to being the most relevant source of employment, services are increasingly important for the creation of jobs related to GVCs.

We support countries to use trade to create and improve employment through our analytical, technical cooperation, and consensus building work.

Our objectives:

  • Enhancing understanding on the linkages between trade, job creation, and improvement of conditions in the labour market

  • Supporting trade negotiations in their role of enabling the generation and improvement of employment

  • Identifying coherent policy approaches to enable the potential of trade to generate jobs and support better conditions in the labour market

Our focus areas include:

  • Trade, global value chains and employment

  • Employment and the trading system

  • Services economy and trade and employment

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