The WIR 2013 presents the latest trends in foreign direct investment (FDI) and contains in-depth analysis of policy developments, investment prospects, and key emerging issues related to investment -- including financial flows via offshore centres, and divestments.
The report finds that:
Global FDI flows declined in 2012 to below the pre-economic crisis level, due mainly to economic fragility and policy uncertainty for investors.
In 2012 - for the first time ever - developing economies absorbed more FDI than developed countries. In addition, they generated almost one third of global FDI outflows.
As well as providing key economic intelligence for policymakers and other investment stakeholders, this year's WIR focuses on global value chains (GVCs) and their role in development.
The report shows how GVCs form a nexus between trade and investment: The vast majority of global trade is linked to the international production networks of transnational corporations, which are increasingly segmented between locations and countries. Goods circulate from one country to another as they are transformed from raw materials into finished products with higher value added. This process offers new opportunities to less-wealthy countries, but also poses some risks.
The report argues that to move up these value chains, developing nations must better coordinate investment and trade policy. Ultimately, the trend towards more complex value chains could enable these nations to expand their economies and to create more and better-paying jobs. The report also proposes a social and environmental governance framework for GVCs to help countries maximize the development benefits of international production.
Global foreign direct investment declined by 18% in 2012, annual report says
Report proposes smart government strategies to make value chains work for development
Investment to landlocked developing countries remains resilient, led by rising flows to some Silk Road nations
Despite global investment contraction, inflows to least developed countries hit record, UNCTAD report shows
Foreign direct investment to West Asia declines for fourth straight year
Foreign direct investment to Africa increases, defying global trend for 2012
Investment in small island developing States increases - due to two resource-rich countries
Investment into South America jumps while flows to Central American and Caribbean fall, report says
Investment into East and South-East Asia drops slightly, report says
Foreign direct investment to South Asia slumped in 2012, UNCTAD report reveals
Foreign direct investment to transition economies declined in 2012, UNCTAD report reveals